Topology refers to the interconnected technology currently used in network communications.
Here are some ways in which having a topology can help you:
(1) Bus Topology
(2) Star Topology
(3) Ring Topology
(4) Mesh Topology
(5) Point to Point Topology
(6) Point to multipoint Topology
Bus Topology is one of the oldest connection technologies. In Bus Topology, one computer should be at least 1m away. It can be extended with extension. The bus uses 10 base 2. 10 base 2 means 10 means speed (10 Mbps) and 2 means distance 185m. Buses use terminators with both ends off.
Star Topology is a separate application from Central Point. For example, switch through the Hub / Switch. Using the Star is easy to troubleshoot and can be used over a distance of over 300 m. Star is commonly used in current network systems. The advantages of star topology are that if a single cable fails, the system will not be affected and troubleshooting will be easier. Disadvantages are the large cost of installing large cables. A single device error can cause the entire system to crash. Star can also be connected to a wireless device.
Ring topology refers to how computers can be connected directly without the need for devices. There are similarities between Bus Topology and Theory. When connected in the ring topology, data can collide with each other during transfer. Ring is usually used for Banking & Train Station etc. It is widely used in Rings transfer data collisions if they transfer one after the other, causing data delays. If we were connected to a ring, I would send data from machine 1 at the same time, machine 2 would send data, and then there would be a collision between the data and the data would be junk. Then they take back the timing. Timing is controlled by the CPU. MAC Priority (Multi Access Access Controller) Prefers large machine data. In other words, the sender first enters. When attacked, a large MAC machine enters first. This is called Ring
Mesh topology refers to a system that prioritizes the WAN.
Point To Point Topology
Point To Point One router to another; Direct connection to a network, such as a computer or a printer, is a bit like a Peer to Peer network.
Point To Multipoint Topology
Point To Multipoint Topology refers to the separation of branches from one host. For example, from the Corporate Office to Branch Offices, within a network.
Hybrid topology is the connection between central devices (switches / hubs) to the same device within a network, much like a mesh topology system.
The topologies I have just talked about are related and have different strengths and weaknesses. Depending on the technology, you have to adapt to your environment. I hope you understand what I am saying.